The government is projecting to rein in the budget deficit back within 5 per cent of GDP by the 2024-25 fiscal from the current 5.5 per cent.
The budget deficit for the 2023-24 fiscal has been projected at 5.1 per cent, according to an official budget document.
The revised deficit in fiscal 2021-22 was 5.1 per cent. The deficit for the 2020-21 fiscal was 3.7 per cent.
The current deficit remains higher than the norm before the outbreak of the Covid-19 pandemic: the deficit averaged 3.5 per cent of GDP in FY15-FY19.
According to the document, the size of the country’s GDP for the running 2022-23 fiscal is Tk44,49,959 crore.
It will be Tk 49,91,337 crore for the next 2023-24 fiscal while Tk 56,06,269 crore for the 2024-25 fiscal.
The document said that to mitigate the budget deficit the government will bank on internal resources.
In the running 2022-23, fiscal 3.3 per cent of the GDP will come from internal resources and 2.4 per cent of the GDP will come from the banking sector.
The external financing will contribute some 2.2 per cent of the GDP in the running fiscal, as per the document.
For the 2023-24 fiscal 2.9 per cent of the GDP will come from internal resources and 2.3 per cent of the GDP will be from the banking sector.
The external financing will contribute some 2.2 per cent of the GDP in the current fiscal.
For the 2024-25 fiscal 2.8 per cent of the GDP will come from internal resources and 2.3 per cent of the GDP will come from the banking sector.
The external financing will contribute some 2.3 per cent of the GDP in the running fiscal, as per the document, which says the economic activities of the country suffered a serious setback from March 2020 due to the Covid pandemic.
While the economy was turning around the time of the Russia-Ukraine war, the sanctions and counter-sanctions caused another blow to the recovery as the world economy stared at another recession.
The document mentioned that a potentially huge global supply-side shock may reduce growth and push up inflation, affecting the post-pandemic recovery.
Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and the economic sanctions on Russia that followed put global energy supplies at risk.
It mentioned that Russia supplies around 10 per cent of the world’s energy, including 17 per cent of its natural gas and 12 per cent of its oil.
The jump in oil and gas prices will add to industry costs and reduce consumers’ real income.
Record inflation is currently evident in several countries, including Bangladesh.
Twelve-month average inflation in the country was 5.6 per cent for FY21. Considering the inflation scenario of trade partners, the inflation projection for FY22 is as high as 5.8 per cent, and 5.6 per cent for FY23.
Meanwhile, point-to-point inflation is moving higher to 6.29 per cent on March 22 which was 5.56 per cent in the previous year.