Soaring food prices pushed British consumer price inflation to a 40-year high of 9.1per cent last month, the highest rate out of the Group of Seven countries and one which underlines the severity of the country’s cost-of-living crunch.
The reading was up from 9.0per cent in April and matched the consensus of a Reuters poll of economists. Records from the Office for National Statistics show May’s inflation was the highest since March 1982 - and worse is likely to come.
Sterling, one of the weakest currencies against the US dollar this year, fell below $1.22, down 0.6per cent on the day, before later recovering.
Some investors judge Britain to be at risk of both persistently high inflation and recession, reflecting its large imported energy bill and ongoing Brexit-related friction which could further hurt trade ties with the European Union.
“With the economic outlook so unclear, no one knows how high inflation could go, and how long it will continue for - making fiscal and monetary policy judgements particularly tough,” said Jack Leslie, senior economist at the Resolution Foundation think tank.
Earlier on Wednesday the Resolution Foundation said the cost-of-living hit for households was being compounded by Brexit, with damaging long-term implications for productivity and wages. read more
Average pay is not keeping up with inflation and trade unions have warned of widespread strikes in the coming months. Railway staff have already staged mass walkouts this week. read more
Britain’s headline inflation rate in May was higher than in the United States, France, Germany and Italy. While Japan and Canada have yet to report consumer price data for May, neither are likely to come close.
The Bank of England said last week that inflation was likely to remain above 9per cent over the coming months before peaking at slightly above 11per cent in October, when regulated household energy bills are due to rise again.
Financial markets show interest rates in Britain are on course to rise above 3per cent around the turn of the year from 1.25per cent now, although most economists think waning economic growth means the BoE will raise rates by less than that.
Finance minister Rishi Sunak said after the data that the British government was doing all it could to combat a surge in prices and the central bank would act “forcefully” to contain inflation.
Prices for food and non-alcoholic drinks rose by 8.7per cent in annual terms in May - the biggest jump since March 2009 and making this category the biggest driver of annual inflation last month.
Annual core inflation - which strips out food and energy prices to give an idea of domestically generated cost pressure - fell for the first time since September to 5.9per cent from 6.2per cent, a lower-than-expected reading.
“The Bank of England may indeed gain some hope from the fact that core price pressures are subsiding (but) we doubt this ... will be enough to avert further rate rises in the coming months,” said Sandra Horsfield, an economist from Investec.